Protection mainstreaming is introduced throughout RNVDO’s programming framework to assure community security and safety with a focus on gender-specific concerns.
RNVDO uses a range of preventive, mitigating, remedial and environment-building activities pursued concurrently, including advocacy, awareness raising and program- based activities. Thus, all the interventions seek to prevent human rights and international humanitarian law violations – violations that are often at the root of humanitarian crises. The interventions seek to mitigate their impact or to provide remedies through seeking retribution and reparation (accountability). They also prioritize action and enhance self-reliance and resilience, providing life-saving support, stabilized living conditions and opportunities for livelihoods, all of which contribute to mitigating further deterioration of the humanitarian crisis.
RNVDO established partnerships with DCA, LWR, HI, War Child UK, aothers, in order to execute programs that aimed to decrease vulnerability of children, adolescents and youth in Mosul, while increasing their psychological resilience to negative coping mechanisms and recruitment by violent extremist groups. This partnership have many achievements and impact on the beneficiaries, it succeed in carrying out various activities, it managed to conduct structured psycho-social activities for children and reached 8525 child half of which are females, in the centers and schools. Trainings were carried out for 64 teachers on inclusion and 110 teachers trained on Psycho social First Aid (PFA) to build their skills to become advocates for children rights to inclusive services and to become the first line in responding to any risk or emergency. The program also trained 42 teachers to build their education skills and enhance protection support. The program also conducted protection awareness raising campaigns targeting children, caregivers and the local community. Various awareness tools used for the campaign, with protection messages tailored to the specific audience.
In addition, RNVDO rehabilitated 19 schools in Mosul city and Hamam Al Alil, including providing the schools with equipment and furniture and distribution of textbooks and stationary for students. More training have been carried out for staff managing protection activities on CP, PSS, PFA, CM, inclusion and referral systems.
Through the program in West Mosul, RNVDO enhanced the protection of 8,400 beneficiaries through capacity development and life skills training with a focus on children, women and youth. RNVDO provided its staff with specialized training to respond effectively to protection issues that result from long-term displacement challenges. The training included basic protection response skills on legal awareness.
During the previous years, five Child Friendly Spaces were established in five vulnerable, marginalized areas in West Mosul, their main function were to provide special activities for children and referring the most severe psycho-social trauma cases to PSS partners. The spaces are also used for women’s meetings and awareness activities on legal rights and life skills training.
RNVDO manages coordination meetings for all protection partners in Jad’ah camps, held every two weeks in the RNVDO camp office. At these meetings, partners discuss protection issues and recommended solutions for Jad’ah’s population.
RNVDO Community Centers
RNVDO created 5 community centers in Mosul city to integrate protection and livelihoods services and reached more than 12,000 beneficiaries in 2018. These are multi-functional centers that include different activities for different groups of people such as children, women, men, elderly people and people with disabilities. The centers provide platforms for different missions and tasks and provide safe places to receive recreational activities for children and adults and providing MHPSS activities for individual cases. The centers aimed to build the resilience of local communities by providing access to protection and livelihood opportunities. They work on providing the following activities: they provide psycho-social structured activities for children, provide individual services for children and their families. They host awareness raising activities on different issues that are important to the population of Mosul and the surrounding areas, provide information on the services that exist in the area, and how to seek those services when needed.
These centers also aim at decreasing vulnerability of children, adolescents and youth and increase their resilience to negative coping mechanisms, including reducing vulnerability to recruitment by ‘violent extremist groups’.
RNVDO organized both protection and livelihoods activities for more than 12,000 beneficiaries, 5000 individuals received vocational and life-skills training courses to improve opportunities to pursue livelihoods. A key goal was to engage more women from the community, taking into account the cultural context, this was achieved through coordination with community members to identify and design special courses for women, introducing them to, and training them in livelihoods opportunities that can become home-based businesses. As a result more than 52% of the beneficiaries were females.
Moreover, through the project cycle, 100 people participated in a Cash-for-Work program that allowed them to earn income. Of those trained youth, 40 of the top candidates were awarded with micro business grants to start their own businesses.