Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
WASH is the collective term for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. These three disciplines—Water Access, Sanitation, and Hygiene—commonly referred to as “WASH,” can virtually eliminate waterborne diseases.
The three components of WASH are grouped together because of their interdependence; one cannot be fully realized without the other. Having proper sanitation systems, clean water to drink, and hygiene education make up the building blocks of successful and healthy communities.
Clean water is only part of the story in bringing lasting health changes to rural communities. To achieve the greatest health benefits, improvements in sanitation and hygiene must be made alongside access to clean water.
Projects focus on water trucking and water quality testing and monitoring, operations and maintenance, desludging and drainage activities hygiene promotion and coordination with community, actors and government. WASH is a key intervention for survival of communities during an emergency. It has been part of RNVDO’s first line response since 2016.
RNVDO designed and implemented WASH programming with support from and in partnership with many international organizations and UN Agencies such as UNICEF, IHPF, Oxfam, Cordid, Mercy Crops, Qatar Red Crescent (QRC), UN habitat, Islamic Relief France (SIF) and Norwegian Church Aid (NCA). RNVDO supported by UNICEF and IHPF in providing WASH services for over 55,000 beneficiaries across 15,500 plots in Jad’ah Camps from 1 to 6. The interventions improved IDPs safe access to water of sufficient quality and quantity and access to decent sanitation and hygiene.
Distribution of Hygiene Kits
Good personal Hygiene is important for your health and people around you. Preventing illness and keeping your body clean needs hygiene promotion. For this purpose RNVDO distributed 99,137 hygiene kits to the beneficiaries. The hygiene kits distributed every month in all camps that managed by RNVDO. The boxes divided into small and big box. Small boxes were including personal hygiene kits for instance: (Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Hair shampoo for kids, Hair Shampoo for men and women, sanitary pads for women, hand wash soap, towel, and diaper for kids). And big boxes were including house cleaning tools for instance: (Swiffer, bucket, tide, and brushes for cleaning, Paper towels, cleaning clothes, Broom).
Wash Unit Maintenance
The wash unit maintenance team used special tools to complete their jobs properly in all camps. The team was engaged in fixing and replacing 8,025 broken WASH units such as (latrines, showers, taps, tanks, doors, electric boards, closed toilets, cesspools, privacy screens, septic tanks). The effective maintenance ensured the availability of safe water decent sanitation to the IDPs of all the camps in Jad’ah.
Waste Management Solid
waste management is a joint responsibility of field coordination (CCCM), as well as the WASH and health sectors. They should ensure that the solid waste disposal is properly managed. Garbage collection in camps is one of the most important processes for protecting the IDPs from the health issues. This process includes (daily garbage collection, collecting waste from garbage bins and garbage bags in tents) transporting collected garbage from camps to outside dumping area. RNVDO with the support of wash partners able to depose 7,870 truck of garbage outside the camps.
Septic Tanks Construction
Constructing septic tank for toilets in the earth’s underground in all the camps is very necessary. There are many reasons that made septic tank more preferable for using. It needs low maintenance and more durability than municipal sewer lines. RNVDO constructed 721septic tanks for all camps which are managed by CCCM and ensured safe sanitation services over the period of time.
Construction of WASH Unit
WASH unit constructed for replacing and reconstructing old or damage WASH units in all WASH area. Our team was able to construct 1,922 units during the reporting period.
Regular desludging is important for preserving the environment, protecting water resources and maintaining good health. We were using desludging truck when the level of desluge rose significantly in a septic tank. In order to remove the waste water from all the septic tanks of camps, for cleaning purpose, we were using these trucks every day in the camps. According to our collected data, the total of desludging transfer reached 3,418 trucks
Water trucks can deliver potable water from the main source into the installed storage tank in the camps. Before transferring water all trucks must do test for ensuring that the quality of water is good enough for drinking as well as many other applications . According to our database we were able to provide water to the IDPs through 21,071 trucks.
The water testing
We all knew that chlorination in drinking water is very important for health by adding sufficient amount of chlorine into the water to inactivate the bacteria and some viruses. In order to keep IDPs away from diseases we preferred water testing for all the water trucks before and after distributing the water into the installed tank in the camp. Our activities includes testing water quality in the camp gate, water tanks, testing randomly for tents, monitoring and signing vouchers by WASH staff and CCM staff. RNVDO had done 57,690 tests for (chlorination, PH, turbidity).
Ensuring that the tanks are full, safety measurements for each water trucking, providing suitable conditions for transporting water, the tankers must be provided with water pumps, controlling the condition of water supply pipes, trucks must be equipped with stairs, ensuring that the covers of tanks are closed after filling, removing signs that the tank is dedicated to drinking water and avoiding wasting water during transportation. RNVDO has reached (758,570) m3 water that delivered to beneficiaries
Water Tanks Installed
For providing storage of water we need water tanks. IDPs directly can get benefit from the tanks that we installed for many purposes such as drinking, preparing food, washing, shower, toilet …etc. RNVDO has installed 297 big tanks for all the camps in Jad’ah.