Agriculture is one of the most vital sources of income for Iraqi families, especially in Nineveh. Nineveh has the most arable land among Iraqi provinces: in fact, according to the Ministry of Agriculture in Iraq, in Nineveh there are more than 5 million dunam for arable land area. The main losses and damages include those on agricultural machinery and tools, irrigation equipment, agricultural inputs and input delivery systems. The estimate damage and losses in Nineveh was approximately 1377 million IQD.
Before the crisis, each farm employed around 14 workers on average. Farmers’ income has now been reduced by almost 50%, with lack of assistance from the government cited as one of the important factors for this downturn.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture (2017), the number of peasants in Nineveh was 23,928. Across Nineveh, wage labor is one of the main forms of employment, and in many areas, the income of farmers has come under increased pressure, further reducing the number of jobs available in the sector.
Through implementing agricultural projects in collaboration with the Mosul Technical Institute, we aim to pilot test small-scale interventions to stabilize livelihoods in the district of Al Namroud.
Aquaculture is considered to be one of the important income generating activity for farmers in Nineveh. In the Zummar region of Nineveh, pre-crisis production was roughly 10 tons of fish per day. It is estimated that the current production fell to 2 tons per day.
Before the crisis, all farmers had adequate access to fish feed and medicine, while currently the need of these inputs is extremely high.
Due to the supply chain being disrupted, most of the tools and supplies are being bought from Istanbul or Baghdad, which is increasing the costs for farmers.
RNVDO cooperates with local business owners to directly link trainees with market opportunities. An example is the successful partnership with the Mosul Technical Institute (MTI) and local businessperson, to train individuals to learn tank fish farming. Through this collaboration, 20 community members were trained and 10 are now employed. The project contributes to the regeneration of fish farming in Nineveh Governorate, which once had a vibrant fish farming industry that was vital for food security of Dohuk, Erbil and Mosul governorates. A tank fish farm that stayed dormant for several years is now breeding fish that will be soon available for consumption and sale.
Brief of RNVDO’s interventions and achievements under agriculture program is given below;
- Rehabilitation of Agriculture Farmlands Through implementing agricultural projects in collaboration with the Mosul Technical Institute, we aim to pilot test small-scale interventions to stabilize livelihoods in the district of Al Namroud.
Aquaculture is considered to be one of the important incomes generating activity for farmers in Nineveh.
- Fish Farm Support
RNVDO made successful partnership with the Mosul Technical Institute (MTI) and local business-person, to train individuals to learn tank fish-farming. Through this collaboration, 12 farmers were trained.
- Training on Aquaculture
Considering the potential of aquaculture RNVDO in collaboration with the Mosul Technical Institute (MTI) was able to train 375 farmers those either have past experience in aquaculture or intend to start the aquaculture related projects in near future.
- Support Plant Cloverleaf
RNVDO keeping into consideration the potential of agriculture provided the agri-inputs for the cultivation of cloverleaf plants. The cloverleaf plants are useful as livestock feed and can be planted as a cover crop or used as a green manure. RNVDO through its partners benefited 1800 farmers those were directly linked with agriculture profession.
- Farmer Capacity Building
Agriculture being one of the potential businesses in the area RNVDO in collaboration with Mosul Training Institute (MTI) builds the capacity of agricultural farmers on different modern agricultural practices including advanced irrigation methods and as result 59 farmers enhanced their capacity.