From June 2014 until the beginning of a military offensive in October 2016, Mosul had been under the control of the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). Iraq’s second largest city was home to an estimated 1.2 million people–half of whom were children—and it is estimated that as many as 850,000 highly vulnerable residents in Western Mosul will require humanitarian assistance in 2017.1 As the fighting to re-take Western Mosul moves into more urban and densely-populated areas, the Government of Iraq (GoI), Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), and humanitarian actors are facing a marked and rapid increase in the number of people displaced. There are already over three million internally displaced Iraqis, and the majority have been displaced since 2014.2 Since Iraqi forces began military operations to re-take Mosul on 17 October 2016, over 270,000 have been cumulatively displaced3, including over 21,000 people currently displaced to Hammam Al Aleel subdistrict.4 To accommodate the displacement, in February 2017, the newly-constructed Hammam Al Aleel camp was opened to provide immediate shelter to internally displaced persons (IDPs), before all plots were demarcated. As of early March 2017, 3,200 households (roughly 30,000 individuals) were residing in the camp.
In first of April was the first step for education and child protection project in Hamam Aleel in partnership between WCUK and RNVDO, since that time we started conducting wide need assessment for Education and protection in HAA (city and camp), the outcome came as big need for education and CP activities in the area. after negotiation we had choice part C&D from Hamam Alil camp 1 to held the activities there through established 8 TLS, each TLS content (two big tents, WASH unit, management tent, big yard for playing and fence).
The capacity for each school was 480 students, in total capacity we had 3840 students.
Within establishing process, project management started recruiting staff from the project area, where recruit 32 facilitators (4 for each TLS) and 4 caseworkers, one case manager, one field officer and two cleaner, after that we recruited 8 guards.
In first of May the schools were ready to receive students and the only thing we need was the capacity building for the staff, WCUK provided more than training for education and protection effort.
The project targeted the city too through rehabilitation 10 schools in HAA city and training tens of formal teachers on EIE and CP.
Project duration: 6 Months
Type of beneficiary: Host community and IDPs
Number of the beneficiary: 9016
Catchment Population: 43,200. This group people include student’s parents, teacher’s relatives, friends, and neighbors who will be impacted by the educational and recreational activities in the camps and outside the camp.
After liberation the city Hamam Alil / Nineveh in November 2016, and the city been chosen for IDPs camps, we moved to there and conduct needs assessment for the education and protection in the camp one and city by using the following methodology
Focus group discussion (FGD): the teams’ targeted both areas (camp & urban) with FGD method and did more than 20 FGD for different (ages group, gender & places) separation.
key informing: the teams used this method in interviewing the head of schools and community focal points.
Observation: the third method was observing by RNVDO staff for the condition of the schools.
we targeted in this assessment 13 different places
The outputs of protection in camps were as following
- The children there are in need for more schools due the children been out of schools for two years and half.
- The children were complaining from lack of any other activities, so there are needs to involved those people in activities.
- Child labor is a rampant in area, there are need to awareness and more education.
- The community show its ready to participate in support the children.
- The community asked for awareness and education activities for all children
- Exploitation, violence and child labor are the big challenges facing the children in community.
- There is big need for schools in the camp.
- Children have strong desire to back to schools.
- Parents want their kids graduate from the schools.
Conduct learning activities, including recreational activities, non-formal education
After establishing the TLS and make the environment safe, education staff start engaged with students in education and recreational activities.
The first days all the staff participated in mobilization awareness for the IDPs in parts C&D / HAA1 to telling to the people about the schools (start date, time, age group and services).
We touched big want to back to school the children were watching us from the first step of establishing and yearned for back to learning after exclude them for three years.
Facilitators were in rush to organizing the flow of the students, we did dividing the school hours to three age group as following:
First group (6 years to 9) from 8:30 to 11:00
Second group (10 years to12) 11:00 to 1:30
Lunch time 1:30 to 2:30
third group 2:30 to 4:30
Teacher training on CPIE and PFA
After long period of ISIS occupation for Nineveh the teachers in HAA stayed far from education process and faced trauma from ISIS behavior let alone what the children have, it was wise step when WCUK & RNVDO coordinate for CPIE and PFA training for more than teachers from formal schools in HAA.
The training done by WCUK specialists from Baghdad office, we chose 4 teachers from each formal school that we chose according to the criteria in activity 1.2.1, the period training was two days and divided for two groups each group targeted 20 teachers plus one staff from MoE office there.
The training did a great impact among the participation.
Teacher training on classroom management, child centered teaching and learning methodologies and positive disciplining
One of important activities of project was training for the formal school staff in HAA and project launched many of training, one this training was Teacher training on classroom management, child centered teaching and learning methodologies and positive disciplining,
The training done by the education adviser of WCUL, and continue for one week for two groups of the ten selected schools, RNVDO & WCUK use one of this schools and targeted (92) teacher (male and Female).
The feedback of the teachers was positive and asked for more training on this topic also asked to target other schools in Hamal sub district
Training Headmasters on leadership and management:
This other activity also worked on training the formal schools staff and this time we target the headmasters where we asked training from Iraqi MoE to training 20 headmasters on management skills.
The training was for one day, the participants spent one day with MoE specialist about how can headmaster management school.
Back to school and awareness campaigns on the importance of education
The project from beginning worked on urge students to back to school through the daily lessons after the three years the students been far from any education institute.
In October 2017 start the TLS staff worked on launched wide awareness campaign in camp and out the camp.
The messages that we used is same that UNICEF provide, we asked Qandil and Save the children international organization the materials and they meet with our need, the supplies used by 2000 flyers and 30 posters.
The approaches of communication that we used were face to face and sessions with parents and students.
we target in this campaign 3900 beneficiaries (females under 18 years 1764, males under 18 years 856, female above 18 years 748 and male above 18 years 531).
strengthen existing and establish PTAs in the 10 schools
A parent-teacher association meetings were attending in project where established three different groups gathered (formal school teachers, WCUK/ RNVDO facilitators, IDPs parents, host community parents and headmasters of formal school).
each group contains 12 to 15 member (female & male), each group conduct meeting once per month, RNVDO & WCUK facilitating for them the meeting with provide the (stationary, refreshment and other logistic services).
The meeting held in different places (TLS in camp & formal school) the most outcome from the meeting were:
- Students and educational process is the responsibility of everyone, staff and parents must collaborate for children’s welfare.
- Need for parents to follow up children at home and to contact
- facilitators in case of any note immediately to ensure flexibility in the entire educational process.
- Related to the MOE, a promise was made to balance between them.
- A major need to make children forget and ignore anything related to their experience living under terror groups.
- Urge parents to be aware of their children after noticing some kids fleeing away from school and other working.
Textbook for students (photocopy).
In support of the formal education in HAA RNVDO and WCUK worked to print out 9450 photocopy of the textbooks (elementary and secondary).
The books been delivered to education sub office in HAA and distributed for the ten select schools.
The photocopy books cover (English, Arabic, Math and social) topics.
Stationery Distribution for ten schools in HAA
During November we distributed education materials for 10 selecting formal schools in HAA city (3801 girls 3331 boys).
This materials were supplied by UNICEF, our education team held the whole distribution process in two days in support with our logistic team. We ensured that each student received his personal stationery by taking his signature or finger print.
Psychological First Aid (PFA) and emergency referrals to external services for (1,840) displaced boys and girls
Provide age-appropriate Psychosocial Support (PSS) through emotional support groups for (1,840) to traumatized children through case and field workers in the HAA1 camp.
The protection part of the project was hired from first of May 2017 to support the education process by provide several services which is PSS, PFA, Case management and MRM, the team been trained by WCUK in first of July 2017, also they been participated with other training n different topics of protection.
The team consists 4 case worker and one case manager, they working in 8 TLS in HAA and transit center.
The total of PFA and PSS they provided for the IDPs and new arrivals from retake arias in Nineveh was 2511 (927 M and 1584 F) beneficiaries
Provide case management for (100) child survivors of grave rights violations, including emergency referrals to external services
Protection staff were working close with children in TLS to identifying any cases were subjected to abuse or trauma among them to help and support them to return to normal life and integration with their peers.
The staff being trained who to manage the case by the need documents and also they were aware on the confidentiality of the work.
Each social worker was in charge for two schools and following all the cases for noting the case been solved then close the case.
the total number of cases that been followed and closed in the project by the protection team was 189 (93 F and 96 M).
Develop and strengthen local level referral pathways
One of protection effort that team was conducted was MRM (Monitoring and referral mechanism), RNVDO & WCUK were aware of the other NGOs in HAA after doing service map for all the actors there.
through the working with beneficiaries in TLS and transit center when provide PFS and PSS they recognize many of cases some belong to legal assistance some for GBV and health, this cases been referred to other actors with their specialized.
Also some referral been solved by the project which related to education assisters for example the children need to optical glasses for wheelchairs and headphones to helped them to attend to school. The total of the referral cases was 193 (93F and 100 M) legal assistant, GBV and Health